Recent graduate Takuya Wakimoto wrote the article “Space Power and Trajectory of U.S. Influence in Space”, which was recently published in GWU’s International Affairs Review. His article begins on page 39 of the Summer 2019 issue.
The United States has utilized the space domain to enhance national security and to improve national prestige. However, a growing number of governmental and commercial participants in the space domain are creating complications and increasing risks such as collisions with space objects or debris. This trend pressures the United States to find ways to protect and preserve its valuable assets in space. It is, therefore, necessary for the U.S. to acquire capabilities to manage and control the space domain. Historically, control of a domain was pursued through military capabilities such as sea, air, or land powers; however, space power is yet an undefined concept. This article explores the historical development of space technologies in the context of national security, how we should approach the undefined concept of space power, and the policies the U.S. should pursue to advance its interests in space.
“A Guide to Japan’s Space Policy Formulation: Structures, Roles and Strategies of Ministries and Agencies for Space”
Takuya Wakimoto, a second-year SPI graduate student, recently wrote the article “A Guide to Japan’s Space Policy Formulation: Structures, Roles and Strategies of Ministries and Agencies for Space”, which was published by the Pacific Forum.
Executive Summary: The Japanese government’s organizational structure and policy processes for outer space programs have evolved over time, and now the government has completed its restructuring. Fifty years ago, the Japanese government restricted national space activities to “peaceful purposes,” which was interpreted as non-military activities. As a consequence, Japan’s space programs, including the government’s utilization of space systems, were rationalized on the basis of scientific purposes. Today, technological advancements and changes in both internal and external political circumstances led the government to accept and pursue a full-spectrum national space policy that includes military usage. The government codified these changes and created the first national law for space in 2008. The law established a Cabinet-level headquarters to develop and lead Japan’s space policy. In addition, organizational reforms in 2012 affected ministries’ and agencies’ roles, responsibilities, and national space policy processes. This paper is a resource for researchers of Japan’s space policy. It will allow them to easily and comprehensively understand how Japan’s national space policy is being formulated. The first section of this paper aims at clarifying the Japanese government’s current organizational structures, roles and strategies in space policy. The second section provides an overview of two national space policy pillars: national military space strategies and commercial space initiatives.
Dr. Ruth Stilwell, an SPI non-resident visiting scholar, co-authored the paper, “The NearSpace Interference between Air and Space Traffic Management with Sven Kaltenhäuser of the German Aerospace Center, DLR. The paper, which is a continuation of Dr. Stilwell’s work in air and space traffic management, was presented at teh 69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC) held in Bremen, Germany from 1-5 October 2018.
Dr. Ruth Stilwell’s paper, “GNSS and Sustainable Access to Space”, co-authored with Dr. Diane Howard, was presented at McGill University’s Fifth Annual Manfred Lachs Conference in May 2017 while Dr. Stilwell was a visiting scholar at the Space Policy Institute. Recently, the paper was selected for publication in the McGill University’s Center for Research in Air and Space Law’s monograph series, and will appear in the Sixth Monograph titled, “Global Space Governance and the UN 2030 Agenda”. Printed copies are expected to be available in December.
“Development Trends of Small Satellites and Military Applications” is a published paper with past visiting scholar Taehwan Cho as Corresponding Author. The paper, which was published in the Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology, assesses the development of small satellites and provides recommendations for their potential military application and use by the Republic of Korea.
Visiting scholar Yonggang Fan’s research “Latecomer’s strategy: An assessment of BDS industrialization policy” was published in Volume 38 of Space Policy in which it discusses the Chinese Beidou Navigation Satellite System.
Visiting Scholar Tomas Hrozenky was published in the European Space Policy Institute’s “Voices from the Space Community” Journal No. 78. His submission, “Space – a Soft Power Tool for Europe?” deals with the question of whether or not deeper linking of space to soft power for European states could be a worthy and viable decision.
SPI alum Zack Hester authored “China and NASA: The Challenges to Collaboration with a Rising Space Power”, which was published in Volume 9 Issue 1 of Space Policy and Governance.
“Improving Crowdsourcing and Citizen Science as a Policy Mechanism for NASA”, written by Space Policy Institute student Brittany Balcom, was published by The New Space Journal. The paper examines citizen science projects as an effective and innovative tool for NASA science in like with the Obama Administration’s Open Government Directive.
“Is JFK-Style Leadership the Catalyst?” by SPI sudent Raphael Perrino was presented at the AIAA Space 2014 Conference and Exposition in San Diego, CA. The paper reviews the need for presidential leadership in the wake of the space policy decision made during the first Obama Administration.